EMS Job Descriptions
EMTs-Basic respond to emergencies and assess the conditions of patients on the scene. They are trained in basic life support (BLS) care and have the skills needed to treat trauma, respiratory, diabetic, behavioral, environmental, allergic and cardiac emergencies. They also have the skills needed to treat poisonings and assist in childbirth. EMTs-Basic transport patients from the emergency scene to a medical facility and may transport patients between medical facilities as well.
An Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT) functions as a primary care provider in the pre-hospital setting and is responsible for all aspects of care provided to the sick and injured. The AEMT provides basic life support, including patient assessment, airway management, administering certain intravenous medications. Like EMT-Basics, EMT-Intermediates are responsible for providing basic emergency treatment for respiratory, trauma and cardiac emergencies, as well as obstructed airways. Unlike EMT-Basics, EMT-Intermediates are trained to administer some medications, as well as intravenous fluids. Unlike paramedics, they are not licensed to use some of the more complex medical machines, such as cardiac monitors.
Paramedics are the highest level of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and perform all of the skills of an EMT Basic and an Advanced EMT. They respond to emergency dispatches and provide advanced life support to the injured and ill while en route to the hospital by ambulance. Unlike other EMTs, paramedics can administer intravenous medications, read heart rhythms on a cardiac monitor and manage other complex emergency care procedures.